If the contract will involve work of a long duration or hazardous nature, the contracting officer shall use the clause with its AlternateI. Design means defining the construction requirement (including the functional relationships and technical systems to be used, such as architectural, environmental, structural, electrical, mechanical, and fire protection), producing the technical specifications and drawings, and preparing the construction cost estimate. When the firm’s proposal does not cover appropriate modern and cost-effective design methods (e.g., computer-assisted design), the contracting officer should discuss this topic with the firm. The contracting officer shall insert a provision substantially the same as the provision at 52.236-27, Site Visit (Construction), in solicitations which include the clauses at 52.236-2, Differing Site Conditions, and 52.236-3, Site Investigations and Conditions Affecting the Work.       (d) Advise the contractor that any required payment and performance bonds must be promptly executed and returned to the contracting officer; (f) Between $1,000,000 and $5,000,000. This procedure shall be continued until a mutually satisfactory contract has been negotiated. If the firm listed as the most preferred is not the firm recommended as the most highly qualified by the evaluation board, the selection authority shall provide for the contract file a written explanation of the reason for the preference. Subpart 36.7 - Standard and Optional Forms for Contracting for Construction, Architect-Engineer Services, and Dismantling, Demolition, or Removal of Improvements. It is also improper, in my opinion, to use the workplan task order to develop a budget, rough order of magnitude estimate, cost proposal, etc.            (4) Past performance on contracts with Government agencies and private industry in terms of cost control, quality of work, and compliance with performance schedules; The contracting officer may insert the clause in solicitations and contracts when a fixed-price construction or a fixed-price contract for dismantling, demolition, or removal of improvements is contemplated and the contract amount is expected to be at or below the simplified acquisition threshold. resources do not suffice to produce better estimates. (a) Phase Two of the solicitation(s) shall be prepared in accordance with part  15, and include phase-two evaluation factors, developed in accordance with 15.304. 36.506 Superintendence by the contractor. an initial estimate of the cost of a project or parts of a project. 36.605 Government cost estimate for architect-engineer work.                 (ii) Technical qualifications, such as- When this clause is used, the contracting officer shall list the available utilities in the contract. Subpart 36.6 - Architect-Engineer Services The clause prescribed at 44.204(b), Subcontractors and Outside Associates and Consultants (Architect-Engineer Services) (see 52.244-4), limits a firm’s subcontracting to firms agreed upon during negotiations. 36.601-2 Competition. The contracting officer may insert the clause in solicitations and contracts when a fixed-price construction or a fixed-price contract for dismantling, demolition, or removal of improvements is contemplated and the contract amount is expected to be at or below the simplified acquisition threshold. One Government member of each board shall be designated as the chairperson. This estimated construction contract price shall take into account any statutory or other limitations and exclude any allowances for Government supervision and overhead and any amounts set aside by the Government for contingencies. (a) (3) Other professional services of an architectural or engineering nature or services incidental thereto (including studies, investigations, surveying and mapping, tests, evaluations, consultations, comprehensive planning, program management, conceptual designs, plans and specifications, value engineering, construction phase services, soils engineering, drawing reviews, preparation of operating and maintenance manuals and other related services) that logically or justifiably require performance by registered architects or engineers or their employees.            (4) Ensure that rehabilitation of Federally-owned historic buildings utilizes best practices and technologies in retrofitting to promote long-term viability of the buildings; and (v) The capability of the agency to manage the two-phase selection process. (b) When the use of design competition is approved by the agency head or a designee, agencies may evaluate firms on the basis of their conceptual design of the project. However, if the cost of proposed construction is affected by events beyond the firm’s reasonable control (e.g., if there is an increase in material costs which could not have been anticipated, or an undue delay by the Government in issuing a construction solicitation), the firm shall not be obligated to redesign at no cost to the Government. Mathematics – Writing: Approximately 10 −183,800 is a rough first estimate of the probability that a monkey, placed in front of a typewriter, will perfectly type out William Shakespeare's play Hamlet on its first try. The contracting officer should make appropriate arrangements for prospective offerors to inspect the work site and to have the opportunity to examine data available to the Government which may provide information concerning the performance of the work, such as boring samples, original boring logs, and records and plans of previous construction. Order-of-magnitude calculation - a "you are already doing it" introduction The idea: You already do order-of-magnitude calculation. Where appropriate, the statement of work also shall require the architect-engineer to consider energy conservation, pollution prevention, and waste reduction to the maximum extent practicable in developing the construction design specifications. (3) Upon receipt of an approved report, the chairperson of the board shall furnish the contracting officer a copy of the report which will serve as an authorization for the contracting officer to commence negotiations in accordance with 36.606. The rough order of magnitude (ROM) is a type of cost estimate that is used in various kinds of projects.            (1) Clauses applicable to the predominant part of the work (see subpart  22.4), or (9) Any instructions concerning reporting requirements. Looking for the shorthand of Rough Order of Magnitude?This page is about the various possible meanings of the acronym, abbreviation, shorthand or slang term: Rough Order of Magnitude.       (a) Outside the United States and its outlying areas; or (2) The magnitude of the proposed construction project (see 36.204). the initiation phase with a high level of ambiguity and uncertainty with Record drawings means drawings submitted by a contractor or subcontractor at any tier to show the construction of a particular structure or work as actually completed under the contract. The report shall serve as an authorization for the contracting officer to commence negotiations in accordance with 36.606. (a) Selection by the board. (a) After final selection has taken place, the contracting officer may release information identifying only the architect-engineer firm with which a contract will be negotiated for certain work. One Government member of each board shall be designated as the chairperson. Advance notices and solicitations should be distributed to reach as many prospective offerors as practicable. When a notice of award is issued, it shall be done in writing or electronically, shall contain information required by 14.408, and shall- The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.236-14, Availability and Use of Utility Services, in solicitations and contracts when a fixed-price construction contract or a fixed-price dismantling, demolition, or removal of improvements contract is contemplated, the contract is to be performed on Government sites, and the contracting officer decides (a) that the existing utility system(s) is adequate for the needs of both the Government and the contractor, and (b) furnishing it is in the Government’s interest. What Is the Difference between Definitive Estimate and Rough Order of Magnitude? (a) Establishing offices. The approval shall be documented in the contract file. (d) The board shall be promptly informed of the final selection. (3) Upon receipt of an approved report, the chairperson of the board shall furnish the contracting officer a copy of the report which will serve as an authorization for the contracting officer to commence negotiations in accordance with 36.606. The board shall review and evaluate architect-engineer firms in accordance with 36.602-3, except that the selection report shall serve as the final selection list and shall be provided directly to the contracting officer.            (3) Identify alternatives to renovation that reduce existing assets’ deferred maintenance costs;            (1) Large quantities of work such as grading, paving, building outside utilities, or site preparation are involved; It varies between -25% to +75%. ROM estimates are the first (lowest) level in a hierarchy of estimates that are produced as a project proceeds through its life cycle.                      (A) Specialized experience and technical competence; The Government shall publicly announce all requirements for architect-engineer services and negotiate contracts for these services based on the demonstrated competence and qualifications of prospective contractors to perform the services at fair and reasonable prices. However, if the cost of proposed construction is affected by events beyond the firm’s reasonable control (e.g., if there is an increase in material costs which could not have been anticipated, or an undue delay by the Government in issuing a construction solicitation), the firm shall not be obligated to redesign at no cost to the Government. (d) The contracting officer shall send invitations for bids to prospective bidders who requested them in response to the presolicitation notice, and should send them to other prospective bidders upon their specific request (see 5.102(a)). (b) Evaluate the firms in accordance with the criteria in 36.602-1. (c) The contracting officer shall inform the firm that no construction contract may be awarded to the firm that designed the project, except as provided in 36.209. (c) Data files and the classification of firms. (d) Prepare a selection report for the agency head or other designated selection authority recommending, in order of preference, at least three firms that are considered to be the most highly qualified to perform the required services.            (4) State where plans will be available for inspection without charge; Subpart 36.3 - Two-Phase Design-Build Selection Procedures. This part prescribes policies and procedures peculiar to contracting for construction and architect-engineer services. Acquisition of architect-engineer services in accordance with the procedures in this subpart will constitute a competitive procedure. Part I may be used when the contract amount is expected to be at or below the simplified acquisition threshold, if the contracting officer determines that its use is appropriate. (4) A statement of the maximum number of offerors that will be selected to submit phase-two proposals.       (b) Use the clause with its AlternateII, if reproducible shop drawings are not needed. (b) Between $25,000 and $100,000. Examples of potential phase-two technical evaluation factors include design concepts, management approach, key personnel, and proposed technical solutions. 2862. The Government shall publicly announce all requirements for architect-engineer services and negotiate contracts for these services based on the demonstrated competence and qualifications of prospective contractors to perform the services at fair and reasonable prices. (d) The contracting officer shall send invitations for bids to prospective bidders who requested them in response to the presolicitation notice, and should send them to other prospective bidders upon their specific request (see 5.102(a)). The contracting officer may insert the clause in solicitations and contracts when a fixed-price construction or a fixed-price contract for dismantling, demolition, or removal of improvements is contemplated and the contract amount is expected to be at or below the simplified acquisition threshold. If it is not feasible for offerors to inspect the site or examine the data on their own, the solicitation should also designate an individual who will show the site or data to the offerors.            (1) Location; The estimates must be accurate enough so that the comparisons are meaningful, but the amount of time and resources used to make the estimates should be appropriate to the size and complexit… (b) The amount of the construction funding limitation (to be inserted in paragraph (c) of the clause at 52.236-22) is to be established during negotiations between the contractor and the Government. Subpart 36.6 - Architect-Engineer Services. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.236-17, Layout of Work, in solicitations and contracts when a fixed-price construction contract is contemplated and use of this clause is appropriate due to a need for accurate work layout and for siting verification during work performance. (1) Large quantities of work such as grading, paving, building outside utilities, or site preparation are involved; (2) Quantities of work, such as excavation, cannot be estimated with sufficient confidence to permit a lump-sum offer without a substantial contingency; (3) Estimated quantities of work required may change significantly during construction; or. A firm’s ability and experience in computer-assisted design should be considered, when appropriate. 36.208 Concurrent performance of firm-fixed-price and other types of construction contracts.       (a) Identify the invitation for bids;            (1) The head of the contracting activity or a designee determines in writing that cost limitations are secondary to performance considerations and additional project funding can be expected, if necessary; See 42.1502(f) for the requirements for preparing past performance evaluations for architect-engineer contracts. 36.303-2 Phase Two. (a) Standard Form 1442, Solicitation, Offer, and Award (Construction, Alteration, or Repair), shall be used to solicit and submit offers, and award construction or dismantling, demolition, or removal of improvements contracts expected to exceed the simplified acquisition thresholds, and may be used for contracts at or below the simplified acquisition threshold. When a notice of award is issued, it shall be done in writing or electronically, shall contain information required by 14.408, and shall-. An exception to this rule may be made during contract negotiations to allow the contracting officer to identify a specialized task and disclose the associated cost breakdown figures in the Government estimate, but only to the extent deemed necessary to arrive at a fair and reasonable price. The PMI’s Project Management The type of project you are working on will dictate which approach to estimating is most suitable. for that same contractor to perform the associated construction work. (See 6.401(b)(2).) (d) The contracting officer shall send invitations for bids to prospective bidders who requested them in response to the presolicitation notice, and should send them to other prospective bidders upon their specific request (see 5.102(a)).            (1) Conduct the conference prior to the start of construction at the work site; 1 ways to abbreviate Very Rough Order Of Magnitude.            (4) A statement of the maximum number of offerors that will be selected to submit phase-two proposals. Evaluation boards and other appropriate Government employees, including contracting officers, shall use data files on firms. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.236-4, Physical Data, in solicitations and contracts when a fixed-price construction contract is contemplated and physical data (e.g., test borings, hydrographic data, weather conditions data) will be furnished or made available to offerors. In rough order-of-magnitude estimate Cross-checking Architectural studies from the analog Long-range planning Can be difficult to identify appropriate analog Readily understood Requires "normalization" to ensure accuracy Accurate for minor deviations Relies on extrapolation and/or expert judgment for "adjustment factors" C.2. (a) Generally, firm-fixed-price contracts shall be used to acquire construction. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.236-6, Superintendence by the Contractor, in solicitations and contracts when a fixed-price construction contract or a fixed-price dismantling, demolition, or removal of improvements contract is contemplated and the contract amount is expected to exceed the simplified acquisition threshold. For example, proposed prices may be compared to current prices for similar types of work, adjusted for differences in the work site and the specifications. This looks similar to situations where the government develops "rough orders of magtinude" or "ROM" estimates to help support follow-on contracting actions. Part I may be used when the contract amount is expected to be at or below the simplified acquisition threshold, if the contracting officer determines that its use is appropriate. If the statement of work does not specify such performance or approval, the contracting officer shall follow the procedures in parts  13, 14, or 15. 36.204 Disclosure of the magnitude of construction projects. (a) The final selection decision shall be made by the agency head or a designated selection authority. The report shall include a description of the discussions and evaluation conducted by the board to allow the selection authority to review the considerations upon which the recommendations are based. You can make it even more so. (5) Information concerning any facilities, such as utilities, office space, and warehouse space, to be furnished during construction. Another way to estimate the cost of a project is by using a definitive estimate. (3) Upon receipt of an approved report, the chairperson of the board shall furnish the contracting officer a copy of the report which will serve as an authorization for the contracting officer to commence negotiations in accordance with 36.606. 1101 et seq.) (7) Any special qualifications or experience requirements that will be considered in determining the responsibility of bidders (see subpart  9.1).            (1) Professional qualifications necessary for satisfactory performance of required services; 21. If requested by such organizations, this may be done for all or a stated class of construction projects on an annual or semiannual basis. (b) The contracting officer shall evaluate proposals and associated certified cost or pricing data and data other than certified cost or pricing data and shall compare them to the Government estimate. 36.207 Pricing fixed-price construction contracts.       (a) Identify the invitation for bids; (b) When two-step sealed bidding is used, the independent Government estimate shall be prepared when the contract requirements are definitized. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.236-10, Operations and Storage Areas, in solicitations and contracts when a fixed-price construction contract or a fixed-price dismantling, demolition, or removal of improvements contract is contemplated and the contract amount is expected to exceed the simplified acquisition threshold. However, mapping services that are not connected to traditionally understood or accepted architectural and engineering activities, are not incidental to such architectural and engineering activities or have not in themselves traditionally been considered architectural and engineering services shall be procured pursuant to provisions in parts  13, 14, and 15. (1) On a lump-sum basis (when a lump sum is paid for the total work or defined parts of the work), (2) On a unit-price basis (when a unit price is paid for a specified quantity of work units), or. (3) The following criteria have been considered: differences between both estimates). These additional services shall be performed at no increase in the price of this contract.            (3) That the price on each schedule shall include an approximate apportionment of all estimated direct costs, allocable indirect costs, and profit. (b) Phase Two of the solicitation(s) shall require submission of technical and price proposals, which shall be evaluated separately, in accordance with part  15. The maximum number specified in the solicitation shall not exceed five unless the contracting officer determines, for that particular solicitation, that a number greater than five is in the Government's interest and is consistent with the purposes and objectives of the two-phase design-build selection procedures. (2) Design work must be performed by offerors before developing price or cost proposals, and offerors will incur a substantial amount of expense in preparing offers. This final selection shall be a listing, in order of preference, of the firms considered most highly qualified to perform the work. not be available though. (5) Discarding any material that has not been updated within the past three years, if it is no longer pertinent, see 42.1502(f). However, mapping services that are not connected to traditionally understood or accepted architectural and engineering activities, are not incidental to such architectural and engineering activities or have not in themselves traditionally been considered architectural and engineering services shall be procured pursuant to provisions in parts  13, 14, and 15.            (1) In excess of statutory cost limitations, unless applicable limitations can be and are waived in writing for the particular contract; or The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.236-5, Material and Workmanship, in solicitations and contracts for construction contracts. No contract for the construction of a project shall be awarded to the firm that designed the project or its subsidiaries or affiliates, except with the approval of the head of the agency or authorized representative. (a) Unless the traditional acquisition approach of design-bid-build established under 40 U.S.C. As an example the -25% to 75% range we discussed above. 36.601-3 Applicable contracting procedures.            (3) The design competition, with its costs, will substantially benefit the project. In no event shall the statement of magnitude disclose the Government’s estimate. Both may not be available at the time the ROM estimate is determined. Therefore, the estimated price should be described in terms of one of the following price ranges: (a) Less than $25,000. 36.609-4 Requirements for registration of designers. A ROM estimate takes place very early in a project’s life cycle — during the project selection and approval period … The report shall include a description of the discussions and evaluation conducted by the board to allow the selection authority to review the considerations upon which the recommendations are based. If the agency contracts for development of the scope of work, the procedures in subpart  36.6 shall be used. A listing of the Standard forms is located in subpart  53.3. (b) Optional Form 347, Order for Supplies or Services, may be used for construction or dismantling, demolition, or removal of improvements contracts that are at or below the simplified acquisition threshold; provided, that the contracting officer includes the clauses required (see subpart  36.5) in the simplified acquisitions (see part  13). (c) When "brand name or equal" descriptions are necessary, specifications must clearly identify and describe the particular physical, functional, or other characteristics of the brand-name items which are considered essential to satisfying the requirement. : an estimate done without detailed costing, or removal of improvements revenue of $ 1 or. Or boards shall maintain an architect-engineer qualifications data file c ) data files shall review update! 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