Common Name: Greenbug, aphid Scientific Name: Varies Order: Homoptera Description: Mature female greenbugs are winged or wingless, pear-shaped, about 1/16-inch long, pale green, and marked with a darker green stripe down the middle of the back and black tips on the legs and the two appendages (cornicles) on the back of the abdomen. Asia, South America (Brazil), Oceania. coarsely lobed leaves which are green in color and are arranged alternately on the branches. Aphis gossypii: melon aphid: APHIDS: Macrosiphum euphorbiae: potato aphid: APHIDS: Myzus persicae: green peach aphid: APHIDS: Adoretus sinicus Aphids live in colonies. Asian brinjal is different from US eggplant due to its growing conditions ,taste and its use. Description. Eggplant comes from the family Solanaceae and its botanical name is Solanummelongena. Note, the number of spots is variable and cannot be used to identify the ladybird beetles. These insects were the actual key pests in the reduction of the brinjal yield in all over nation. Nymphs are similar to adults. Scientific Name. Distribution. Recommended Codes for Pest Organisms in Vegetable Crops November 2020 3 9. Distribution. The larva is a voracious predator attacking soft-bodied insects such as aphids and caterpillars of like or smaller size. Other Names of Eggplant. Colors vary by species, but popular ones are green, yellow, or white. Eggplant is the egg-shaped glossy black fruit with white flesh and a meaty texture. Also known as anglophone, aubergine, brinjal, or in the Philippines “talong”, it is a … Distribution. Ba humbugi. . The fruits are ready for picking in 100 to 110 days after planting. There are many aphids attacking a wide range of crops; Aphis gossypii, described here, is common in Pacific island countries. The larva uses its maxillae to seize and pierce prey and inject paralyzing venom; it then sucks body fluids from its prey. Repeat in at least 10 locations per field. The larva can suck the life juice from an aphid in 90 seconds and can eat 100 aphids or more in a week. In tropical, sub-tropical, and temperate regions. Image from: Medical News Today. Aphids are soft-bodied, sucking insects that are sometimes called plant lice. There are many aphids attacking a wide range of crops; Aphis gossypii, described here, is common in Pacific island countries. It is one of the most serious pests of brinjal fruits and plants. Common name of insect pests/ Natural enemy Scientific name Order Family Crop age (DAT) Period of activity Crop stage 1. There are certainly other hosts not reported. A group called "woolly aphids" are covered in a white, waxy substance that resembles cotton or fuzz. In spring and summer, the population consists of viviparous females with an asexual reproduction cycle. Economic Importance. Aphids hibernate as eggs. The aphids that pose the most serious problem to Wisconsin vegetable production include the green peach, melon, potato and soybean aphids. There are many species of aphids ranging in color from green to pink to black to dusty gray or white with a fluffy coating. A Spanish dish called escalivada in Catalonia calls for strips of roasted aubergine, sweet pepper, onion, and tomato. Management: Biological control: Many parasitoids and predators like wasp, syrphid-fly larvae, aphid lions, ladybird bettels etc attack on aphid and control them. Asia, Africa, North, South and Central America, the Caribbean, Europe, Oceania. Common Name. Worldwide. Scientific Name. Aphids come in a variety of species. Tobacco aphids are not known to have an egg stage, and they reproduce by giving birth to live young female aphids without mating. Scientific / Botanical Name of Eggplant. Appearance: All aphids are soft-bodied and pear-shaped with a pair of cornicles (tailpipe-like structures) projecting from the rear end of their abdomen. English: English potato; Irish potato; white potato Tugi (Bon.) Chemical control: Aphids can be controlled by spraying soap-water @ 25ml liquid detergent per liter of water. ... Mite, Jassids, Aphids and Mealy Bug: These insects feed on plant by sucking the sap from the leaves. If the plant becomes too crowded or if it becomes late in the season and the aphids need to find a winter host, the aphids give birth to young that will grow up to have wings and can move to other plants. Common Name. Brinjal Varieties List: Pusa Purple of Brinjal Varieties: It’s an early maturing and long fruited type sort. It is advisable to use Funnel traps, Yellow & Blue sticky traps to control common pests such as. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit. The infestation on brinjal can be as high as 70 per cent. Eggplant, Auberigine, Brinjal. In a study of late season aphids, also in Texas, one part of a field was treated to keep aphid populations below 50/leaf, while the other part had aphid densities greater than 50/leaf. If damage is unusual or on an unlisted host plant , submit a sample of the insect to your local extension agent or … In autumn, the aphids switch from host plant and reproduce sexually. They attack eggplant, tomato, and potato and are most often found on young, actively growing tissue. Among the sucking insect pests aphids had a mean density of 17.59 with a relative density 22.55 percent , The jassid population had a The scientific name for eggplant is Solanum melongena. Brinjal or Eggplant is an important crop of sub tropics and tropics. Eggplant ladybird beetle, large 28-spotted ladybird beetle. All types of aphids pierce the plant at its leaves and stems. Whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) white flies, thrips, jassids, aphids etc that attack almost all crops especially – in the first 30 days. Epilachna (Henosepilachna) vigintioctopunctata. Worldwide. SCIENTIFIC NAME OF EGGPLANT – In this topic, we are going to know about the scientific name of eggplant or known in the country as talong. Genus: Solanum – Nightshade . Congregating on lower leaf surfaces, they pierce the plant and suck sap. January brinjal was infested by aphid, jassid, whitefly, brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Epilachna beetle and bug. The name brinjal is popular in Indian subcontinents and is derived from Arabic and Sanskrit whereas the name eggplant has been derived from the shape of the fruit of some varieties, which are white and resemble in shape to chicken eggs. Leaves curl downward and pucker. He miptera Aleyrodidae 16 2 nd October to 20th March VS 2. What about the aphid’s life cycle? common name: green peach aphid scientific name: Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aphididae) Introduction and Distribution - Life Cycle and Description - Host Plants - Damage - Natural Enemies - Management - Selected References Introduction and Distribution (Back to Top). Eggplant, Solanum melongena, is a tropical, herbaceous, perennial plant, closely related to tomato, in the family Solanaceae which is grown for its edible fruit.The plants has a branching stem and simple, long, flat. To sample for potato aphids, remove leaves from the terminal parts of 35 plants and count the number of aphids. BSFB, L. orbonalis; aphid, A. gossypii; leafhopper, A. biguttula biguttula and flea beetle, M. signata were recorded as insect pests of brinjal found abundantly on crop right from transplanting till harvesting of the crop. Among the natural enemies found were the Lady bird beetles, Spiders and Syrphids. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Brinjal (Solanum melongena), also known as eggplant or aubergine, is an easily cultivated plant belonging to the family Solanaceae. It has many advantages such as: Classification and organisation – Entities are comprehensively organised which makes understanding and studying characteristics of particular entities easy and organized The development of new offspring starts immediately after an aphid is born. Cotton aphids are reported to have a greater diversity in terms of hosts, life cycle, and range, than any other aphid. Damage. In 1992, aphid populations that exceeded 50/leaf for 3 weeks, and 100/leaf for 2 weeks significantly reduced cotton plant height. Aphids are 1/32 to 1/8 inch in length. Melon or cotton aphid. It belongs to the Solanales order and the Solanum genus. They feed on plant sap and subsequently excrete a sugary substance (called honeydew) that can attract ants as well as support the growth of a saprophytic fungus called sooty mold. A separate key may be required to differentiate the forms. Wilting and discoloration may follow. Their young are able to produce young as well without mating. They are … The presence of aphids on vegetables reduces acceptability to the customers. Widesprread. Melon or cotton aphid. Because of its resembles of the color and shape with an egg, it popularly became known as an eggplant. Cucumis melo (Melon) Scientific name English common name Code Viruses Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus Cucumber green mottle CGMMV Cucumber mosaic virus Cucumber mosaic CMV Cucumber vein yellowing virus Cucumber vein yellowing CVYV Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus Cucurbit yellow … 2 Origin and distribution Wild brinjal can be found growing in Malaysia and India. A female reproduces up to 100 aphids. They have been found on all the cucurbits, bean, pea, eggplant, okra, spinach, tomato and cotton. Aphis gossypii. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Fruits are glossy, light purple in color, 25 to 30 cm long, tender and smooth. Acyrthosiphon kondoi, the blue alfalfa aphid, also known as bluegreen aphid, is an aphid in the superfamily Aphidoidea in the order Hemiptera.It is a true bug and sucks sap from leguminous plants, particularly alfalfa (known as lucerne in most countries outside North America). Table.1 Incidence of insect pests and natural enemies in brinjal crop in Rewa district during Kharif & Rabi 2016-2017 S. No. Aphids are small, pear-shaped, soft-bodied insects. Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec, and most of mainland Western Europe) or brinjal (South Asia, Malaysia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Aphis gossypii. 1 Its fruit is high in nutrition and commonly consumed as a vegetable.The fruit and other parts of the plant are used in traditional medicine. This pest is widely distributed all over India and is found associated with a number of host plants. 1 Brinjal shoot and fruit borer: Lucinodes orbonalis Guen Family: - Pyralidae Order: -Lepidoptera. Following is all about Brinjal varieties and Diseases in India. Description: Potato aphids are larger than green peach aphids and come in both red and green. In tropical, sub-tropical, and temperate regions. Common Name. Scientific names or Binomial Nomenclature is a scientific process wherein entities such as plants, animals, living entities are named and they are derived from Latin. Scientific Name. The melon aphid has a wide host range. Dusty gray or white with a fluffy coating sucking insects that are called... 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