tags) Want more? We now have different research studies that show neuronal spiking activity before a decision is made (1). Mandler is no mere historian; he is a major contributor to contemporary cognitive psychology, blessed with a European sensitivity to the role of the past in defining the present. His view formed a very popular belief called the mind-body dualism. The fourth chapter is exclusively devoted to the contributions of Wilhelm Wundt, the father of Experimental Psychology. He noted a time difference between this notion of sensation and perception. Researchers trace it back to that same question of free will and determinism. He believed that actions and behaviors of people are predetermined and free will in itself does not exist. It’s important to note that this experimentation happened prior to the “actual” beginning of experimental psychology—Wundt’s laboratory at Leipzig. Famous philosophers like Plato, Aristotle, and René Descartes made the first references to experimental psychology. It is the branch that the majority of the population associated with psychology nowadays. They turn into years long research projects in the fields of experimental psychology and neuroscience. Behaviorism is one of the prime examples of experimental psychology. The pineal gland being the master gland for all actions was proven wrong at a later point. In A History of Modern Experimental Psychology, George Mandler traces the … Boring was an influential experimental psychologist who was devoted to the use of experimental methods in psychology research. Available from: http://journal.frontiersin.org/Article/10.3389/fncir.2016.00075/abstract. Gustav Fechner is another psychologist who some consider to be the founder of experimental psychology alongside Wundt. 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